List of Topics

  1. States of Matter
    1. Gases
      1. Pressure
      2. Simple Gas Laws (Boyle’s, Charles’ and Avogadro’s)
      3. Ideal Gas Law
      4. Mixtures of Gases and Partial Pressures
      5. Gas Stoichiometry
      6. Kinetic Molecular theory
      7. Real Gases
    2. Solids, Liquids and Intermolecular Forces
      1. Surface Tension, Viscosity
      2. Vaporization, Vapor Pressure
      3. Fusion and Sublimation
      4. Water
      5. Crystalline Structures
    3. Units of Concentrations
      1. Solubility and energetics of solution formation
      2. Concentration units


  1. Atomic Structure and Periodicity
    1. The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
      1. The nature of light
      2. Atomic Spectroscopy
      3. The wave nature of matter
      4. The Quantum-mechanical model of the Atom
    2. Periodic Properties
      1. Periodic Properties and the Periodic table
      2. Electron configurations and the Periodic table
      3. Effective nuclear charge
      4. Atoms Periodic properties
      5. Ions Periodic properties


  1. Stoichiometry
    1. Atoms and Elements
      1. Atomic theory
      2. The Electron
      3. The nuclear Atom
      4. Subatomic Particles
      5. Periodic table
      6. Atomic Mass and the Mole
    2. Molecules, Compounds and Chemical equations
      1. Chemical Bonds
      2. Representing molecules and compounds
      3. Naming inorganic Ionic and molecular compounds
      4. Formula mass and mole concept for compounds
      5. Chemical composition
      6. Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations
    3. Chemical Quantities and Aqueous reactions
      1. Reaction stoichiometry
      2. Limiting reactant, theoretical yield and percent yield
      3. Solution concentration and stoichiometry
      4. Equations for aqueous reactions
      5. Acid-Base and Gas-Evolution reactions


  1. Molecular Bonding and Structure
    1. Lewis Theory
      1. Types of chemical bonds
      2. Lewis theory and electron dots
      3. Ionic Lewis structures and lattice energy
      4. Covalent Lewis structure, electronegativity and polarity
      5. Resonance and formal charge
      6. Exceptions to the octet rule
      7. Bond energies and bond lengths
      8. Bonding in Metals
    2. Molecular Shapes, Valance Bond Theory and Molecular Orbital Theory
      1. Molecular shape and VSEPR theory
      2. Valance bond theory
      3. Molecular orbital theory


  1. Equilibrium
    1. Chemical Equilibrium
      1. Dynamic equilibrium
      2. The equilibrium constant
      3. The reaction Quotient
      4. Finding equilibrium concentrations (ICE Table)
      5. Le Châtelier’s Principle
    2. Acid-Base Equilibrium
      1. Definitions of Acid and Base
      2. Acid Strength and dissociation constant Ka
      3. Auto ionization of water and pH
      4. Ions as acids and base
      5. Polyprotic acids
      6. Acid strength and molecular structure
      7. Lewis acids and bases
    3. Aqueous Ionic Equilibrium
      1. Buffers
      2. Titrations and pH Curves
      3. Solubility equilibria and solubility product constant
      4. Precipitation
      5. Complex ion equilibria


  1. Oxidation-Reduction
    1. Electrochemistry
      1. Balancing redox equations
      2. Voltaic/Galvanic Cells
      3. Standard redox potentials
      4. Cell potential free energy and equilibrium constant
      5. Cell potential and concentration
      6. Electrolysis


  1. Thermodynamics
    1. Thermochemistry
      1. First law of thermodynamics : Energy, heat and work
      2. Enthalpy
      3. Calorimetry
      4. Hess’ Law
    2. Thermodynamics
      1. Spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes
      2. Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics
      3. Entropy changes in chemical reactions
      4. Gibbs free energy
      5. Third Law of thermodynamics
    3. Phase transformations and Solutions
      1. Phase Diagrams
      2. Vapor Pressure
      3. Henry’s law
      4. Raoult’s law
      5. Colligative properties


  1. Kinetics
    1. Chemical Kinetics
      1. Reaction rates, orders and rate laws
      2. Integrated rate laws and half life
      3. The effect of temperature on the reaction rate
      4. Reaction Mechanisms
      5. Catalysis


  1. Organic/Biochemistry
    1. Organic Chemistry
      1. Structure, bonding, name (also include organic structure property relations like boiling point, acidity, basicity)
      2. Stereochemistry (isomerism, E-Z, cis-trans isomers, chirality, optical activity, Cahn-Ingolg-Prelog system, Fisher projection)
      3. Electrophilic addition
      4. Electrophilic substitution
      5. Elimination
      6. Nuleophilic substitution
      7. Nucleophilic addition
      8. Oxidations and Reductions
      9. Benzene and Aromaticity
    2. Biochemistry
      1. Simple polymers, monomers, chain polymerizations, polyaddition and polycondensation
      2. Amino acids and their classification in groups, reactions, protein sequencing
      3. Secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins
      4. Enzymes and classification according to reaction types, mechanism of catalysis
      5. Monosaccharides and polysaccharides, chemistry of carbohydrates( open chain and cyclic form of glucose and gructose)
      6. Bases, nucleotides and nucleosides with formulae, functional nucleotides, DAN and RNALipids: general formulae of triacyl glycerides, saturated and unsaturated fatty acid


  1. Chemistry Laboratory Techniques
    1. Proper use of:
      1. Bunsen burner
      2. Glassware (From watch glasses to burets)
      3. Balances
    2. Proper method for:
      1. Solution preparation
      2. Titration

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